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Memory is a crucial part of being an individual. It is a cognitive process in which a person is able to acquire, retain, and recall information. This retained or stored information is often a collection of impressions, events, experiences, and knowledge from one's recent and more distant past. Of all of the many mental processes that humans possess, memory is one of the most valuable in that it helps people remember one another and is critical for learning. The importance of having a good memory does not diminish over time and is necessary in all stages of life. There are, however, factors that can cause one's memory to diminish. Fortunately, steps can be taken to help prevent the loss of memory and to instead strengthen and improve it.
Improving one's memory can be accomplished with a few tricks of varying complexity. The most basic and easy-to-accomplish tips involve sleep and exercise. When people fail to get enough sleep, they suffer from a diminished capacity to retain and recall memories. Getting enough sleep can enhance memory, resulting in a greater ability to remember information and learn. Without appropriate amounts of sleep, the consolidation of memory is hindered. Consolidation, along with acquisition and recall, are the three functions associated with memory. The consolidation of memories is important, as it is this stage at which memories stabilize. Going through the various stages of sleep is equally important, as researchers believe different types of memory are consolidated in different stages of sleep. Exercise is also connected to memory and preventing its loss. When a body is strong, it is able to handle stress more efficiently and it optimizes the flow of blood that carries important nutrients to the brain.
Students of all ages and even professionals can improve their ability to remember specific items by eliminating distractions that split their focus. When listening at a meeting or in a class, a person can reinforce what is being heard by writing down what is said and later reading those notes out loud. A way of remembering complex ideas involves breaking them down into basic, easy-to-understand thoughts that are easier to focus on and remember. Challenging one's memory is also a good way to improve it. Enrolling in a college course, taking an art class, or even something as simple as doing a crossword puzzle or reading a book can be beneficial and help to strengthen memory.
More sophisticated tricks that are helpful to memorization are called mnemonics. There are several different types of mnemonics or mnemonic devices that offer various methods of using clues to help with memory. These clues can be anything from images to words. An acronyms is a common type of mnemonic device that is both easy to implement and effective. To use an acronym, a person takes the first letter of each word in a sentence, idea, or event that they want to remember and uses those letters to create an easily remembered word. When the person wishes to remember the idea, they recall the acronym. Acrostics are mnemonic devices very similar to acronyms, however the first letter of each word is turned into a new word to help make up a sentence. In this case, remembering the sentence is helpful in remembering the event or idea. Rhymes and alliteration are also mnemonic devices that are easy and helpful. They are typically used to remember figures, dates, or facts. Attaching positive imagery to things such as people, places, or words is called visual imagery. These are just a few of the examples of mnemonic devices; however, there are numerous other devices that may prove more beneficial to some than others.
Memory is a precious function that most people want to hold onto for the entirety of their lives. It is a tool that is needed at every stage of life, and is one that can fortunately be strengthened. Students and adults can take advantage of helpful tricks that can make the most of their memory and will aid them through their school, college, and professional careers. There are times, however, when memory loss requires more serious attention. If one's memory loss begins to affect an ability to function normally, medical attention is necessary.
For more tips and tricks on how to improve memory, read the following resources: